January 22, 2019

Time for a Kondo clean-out? Here’s what clutter does to your brain and body. Disorganisation and clutter have a cumulative effect on our brains, which like order.

Libby Sander, Bond University

Many of us have started the year determined to be more organised: no more drawers full of plastic containers with missing lids, or lone socks.

The decluttering craze is led by Japanese tidying aficionado Marie Kondo, author of a New York Times bestseller and Netflix show Tidying Up.

Charity groups such as St Vincent de Paul are reporting a 38% increase in donations, year on year, as we get rid of the clothes, books and household items that don’t “spark joy” or have a place in our future.

And there is good reason to get on board, whether it’s via the KonMarie method, or just having a good clear-out. Clutter can affect our anxiety levels, sleep, and ability to focus.

It can also make us less productive, triggering coping and avoidance strategies that make us more likely to snack on junk and watch TV shows (including ones about other people decluttering their lives).




Read more:
Clean your way to happiness: unpacking the decluttering craze


My own research shows our physical environments significantly influence our cognition, emotions and subsequent behaviours, including our relationships with others.

Why clutter is bad for your brain

Bursting cupboards and piles of paper stacked around the house may seem harmless enough. But research shows disorganisation and clutter have a cumulative effect on our brains.

Our brains like order, and constant visual reminders of disorganisation drain our cognitive resources, reducing our ability to focus.

The visual distraction of clutter increases cognitive overload and can reduce our working memory.



Look familiar?
Phossil/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND

In 2011, neuroscience researchers using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and other physiological measurements found clearing clutter from the home and work environment resulted in a better ability to focus and process information, as well as increased productivity.

And your physical and mental health

Clutter can make us feel stressed, anxious and depressed. Research from the United States in 2009, for instance, found the levels of the stress hormone cortisol were higher in mothers whose home environment was cluttered.




Read more:
New year’s resolutions: how to get your stress levels in check


A chronically cluttered home environment can lead to a constant low-grade fight or flight response, taxing our resources designed for survival.



We produce more stress hormones when we’re surrounded by clutter.
Jason Leung

This response can trigger physical and psychological changes that affect how we fight bugs and digest food, as well as leaving us at greater risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Clutter might also have implications for our relationships with those around us. A 2016 US study, for instance, found background clutter resulted in participants being less able to correctly interpret the emotional expressions on the faces of characters in a movie.

And surprisingly, it doesn’t go away when we finally get to bed. People who sleep in cluttered rooms are more likely to have sleep problems, including difficulty falling asleep and being disturbed during the night.

Could clutter really make us fat?

Multiple studies have found a link between clutter and poor eating choices.

Disorganised and messy environments led participants in one study to eat more snacks, eating twice as many cookies than participants in an organised kitchen environment.

Other research has shown that being in a messy room will make you twice as likely to eat a chocolate bar than an apple.



Sometimes we switch off and avoid looking at or thinking about the clutter and mess.
Designologist

Finally, people with extremely cluttered homes are 77% more likely to be overweight.

Tidy homes have been found to be a predictor of physical health. Participants whose houses were cleaner were more active and had better physical health, according to another study.

Hoarding can cause physical pain

Buying more and more things we think we need, and then not getting rid of them, is an actual disorder in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). According to DSM-V, those with hoarding disorder compulsively acquire possessions on an ongoing basis and experience anxiety and mental anguish when they are thrown away.




Read more:
When possessions are poor substitutes for people: hoarding disorder and loneliness


A Yale study using fMRI showed that for people who have hoarding tendencies, discarding items can cause actual pain in regions of the brain associated with physical pain. Areas of the brain were activated that are also responsible for the pain you feel when slamming a finger in a door or burning your hand on the stove.

People who suspect they have hoarding disorder can take heart: cognitive behavioural therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment.

Tidy house, happy life?



A clean slate.
Kari Shea

Participants in Marie Kondo’s Netflix show Tidying Up report that her decluttering method changes their lives for the better. Indeed, her first book was called The Life Changing Magic of Tidying Up.

Research does indeed show cluttered home environments negatively influence the perception of our homes, and ultimately our satisfaction of life. The study authors note the strong effect is because we define “home” not just as a place to live, but as:

the broader constellation of experiences, meanings, and situations that shape and are actively shaped by a person in the creation of his or her lifeworld.

But it seems clutter isn’t always bad. One study showed messy desks can make us more creative. The findings suggested neat, ordered environments make us more likely to conform to expectations and play it safe, while messy ones move us to break with the norm and look at things in a new way.




Read more:
How last night’s fight affects the way couples divide housework


The Conversation


Libby Sander, Assistant Professor of Organisational Behaviour, Bond Business School, Bond University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

PERICOACH_Editorial_Drivers_In_Article_Banner_712x150


  • I must admit.. I do feel much more relaxed when I have a big tidy up. I can’t stop going to the cupboards and just standing there … in awe of their
    ‘Tidyness’ !

    Reply


  • I just need to off load my hoarder husband, he doesn’t want to throw anything out!

    Reply


  • Such a good article. Makes me want to declutter today.

    Reply


  • Oh how I love a good clean out!

    Reply


  • The last place we lived at, we had soooo much useless clutter and to make it worse, we were in a granny flat so, not heaps of space.
    We moved and got rid of so much stuff and I definitely agree that having a cluttered house makes you less motivated and productive. I get so much more done now days with not as much stuff around the house.

    Reply


  • The home always feels good after a clean out but it is important to reuse, repurpose, reduce, and recycle. minimising waste in the first instance or rehousing items helps the earth.

    Reply


  • It\’s only a huntsman. They look scary but he is the literal Spiderman. He takes out the bad guys lol.
    Yes initially it would be a fright but nothing to go ballistic about.

    Reply


  • I have been busy filing paperwork that has to be kept and putting aside what needs to be shredded.
    I have also rearranged some cupboards and intend to move some loose furniture to better positions. I have been sick and ended up in hospital so my spring clean has to come to a temporary halt until I recover more

    Reply


  • I want to watch her TV show.

    Reply


  • I have found the more I declutter the better I feel so there is some sense in this

    Reply


  • I would be disgusted if my house looked like the pictures in this post – I do have some clothing clutter, but nothing like was depicted. If I haven’t used something for 12 months, it goes out.

    Reply


  • I am looking forward to watching this and getting some tips and tricks, thanks for the article

    Reply


  • I like a bit of clutter but not too much then it’s just mess.

    Reply


  • Have not seen this show yet. i do now moving house from one side of Australia to the other is a great way to de-cluttered . Even better when your husband is not there and you can get rid of more things. Still have a long way to go as really need to sort out my hobby things plus learn to let go of my 3000 clowns.

    Reply


  • Yay, my 14 & 13yr old decluttered their bedrooms y’day !

    Reply

Post a comment
Like Facebook page

LIKE MoM on Facebook

Please enter your comment below
Would you like to include a photo?

No picture uploaded yet
Please wait to see your image preview here before hitting the submit button.

Your MoM account

Lost your password?

Enter your email and a password below to post your comment and join MoM:

↥ Back to top

Thanks For Your Star Rating!

Would you like to add a written rating or just submit?

Write A Rating Just Submit
Join